Archive for the ‘Health’ Category

Negative Effects of Masturbation

Negative Effects of Masturbation

Negative Effects of Masturbation

Masturbation is the act of stimulating one’s sexual organ with the aid of finger or other objects in order to derive sexual pleasure. It does not have positive effect; it only has negative effects. People of destiny don’t have time for masturbation because the have discovered a purpose that keep them busy and passionate. For you to attain your mark of higher calling, just like St. Paul, you must desist from the act of masturbation. (more…)

Maintaining Your Body Weight

Maintaining Your Body Weight

Maintaining Your Body Weight

To maintain your body weight, you must take notice of your body mass index (BMI). If your BMI is less than 18.5, it means you are under weight. This could be cause by your inability to eat properly. If you BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9, it means you have a normal weight. That suggests that you take balance nutrients and partake in physical exercise. If your BMI is greater than 25 but less than 29.9, it means that you are overweight. When your body mass is greater than 30, it means that you are suffering from obesity. Obesity could be type one, type two or type three – depending on the colossal nature of the victim. (more…)

Lassa Fever



1. Lassa fever is an acute illness caused by Lassa Virus. It belongs to the family of viruses called Arenavirus. The illness was discovered in 1969 in Lassa town of Borno State. It occurs mainly in West Africa. It is zoonotic diseases acquired from a particular kind of wild rodent called mulimammate rat from the mastomys species.


1. The disease is endemic in Nigeria, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. There are also evidence of infection in nearby countries such as Mali, Ivory Coast and Senegal.

Mode of Transmission

1. The virus is shed in the urine and dropping of infected multimammate rats. Person-to person spread can occur through contact with bodily fluids such as urine, blood, semen or throat secretion of someone that is affected with the disease. Sexual transmission is possible because the virus is present in the semen three months after the disease begins. Animal to human transmission occur when human come in contact with infected rodents or their bodily fluids.

Symptoms of Lassa Fever

1. The symptoms of Lassa fever include; fever, cough, headache, vomiting, sore throat, diarrhea, nausea, muscle pain, chest pain. In a severe case, the symptoms include; shock, proteinuria (protein in the urine), hemorrhage (bleeding), conductivities, pleural effusion (fluid in lung cavity) and swelling of the neck and face. Neurological problems such as; seizures, brain dysfunction and tremor also occur. Loosing of hearing occur in about 25% at patients and persists for life in up to a third of those affection.

The Incubation Period

1. The incubation period is the time it takes before the virus develop symptom in the body of human. Normally, the incubation period of Lassa Fever is between 6 – 21 days. Lassa virus infects causes mild or no symptoms (asymptomatic) in about 80% of those affected with the virus.

Clinical Diagnosis

1. Clinical diagnosis of Lassa Fever is often difficult because the symptoms of Lassa Fever are varied and non specific. It is often confused with other diseases which cause fever such as; malaria, typhoid fever, yellow fever and other viral hemorrhagic fever. It can be diagnosed through the following process;

i.)  Enzyme – linked immunosorbent serologic assays (ELISA): This dictates lgM and lgG antibodies as well as Lassa antigen.

ii.) Immunohistochemistry: This is performed on tissue specimen. This method is used to make a post – mortem diagnosis.

iii.) Reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction (RT – PCR): This method is used for research purpose.

Treatment of Lassa Fever

i.) An antiviral drug called Ribavirin is very effective for the treatment of Lassa fever. It is mostly effective when given within 6 days after the disease symptoms. Presently, there is no vaccine for Lassa fever.

Morbidity and Mortality Rate

i.) The morbidity and mortality rate talks about the number of people that are affected and those that died yearly from the illness. Between 300,000 – 500,000 people are affected with Lassa fever on yearly basis. 15 – 20% of the people hospitalized with the disease die with the illness. Pregnant women suffer more severe infection in their third month of pregnancy (third trimester). It leads to maternal death and fetal loss which occur in a high rate of more than 80%.

Prevention and Control of Lassa Fever

  1. (i) Control of rodent population

(ii) Strict hygiene to prevent secondary cases

(iii) Avoid contact with effected person’s bodily fluid.

(iv) Wearing of protective clothing during treatment.

People That are at risk of Lassa Fever

  1. (i) Health workers without proper barrier nursing

(ii) Those living in area where mastomys rat are common

(iii) Immigrants and tourists to rural areas in West Africa

(iv) Those living in West Africa where Lassa fever is endemic

(v) Area of poor sanitation or crowded living condition with mastomy rodent.

Animal Reservoir

  1. The animal reservoir or host of Lassa fever is rodent. Mastomy infected with Lassa fever virus do not become ill but they can shed the virus in the excreta such as urine and faces. Lassa fever is a zoonotic disease (a disease that can be transferred from animal to human).